Haunted Scotland’s A-Z of Paranormal Definitions

A-Z of Paranormal Definitions

A-Z of Paranormal Definitions Terminology can vary slightly depending on who you speak with or which articles you may read.

The beautiful thing about paranormal research and observations, is that there are so many approaches and viewpoints.

This is healthy, yet it should also be remembered that no one including science or psychics, have all the answers.

This is why it’s better to approach from your own flexible viewpoint.

Here at Haunted Scotland, we may regularly use terms that the public are not familiar with, this has prompted the placement of this progressive article [regularly updated] so as to assist you the reader.

Please accept this as a work in progress, further information is always becoming evident in this fast moving research field.

A-Z of Paranormal Definition…..



Life after our physical body ceases to be, speculated that we move onto another realm or dimension in an energy type form, if we can call it such.


A deviation from common rule or condition, an unexplainable happening, most commonly referred to paranormal activity and the material collected.


Supernatural appearance of a person or thing, especially a ghost; a spectre or phantom. More commonly associated with a deceased personal visiting [Sentient] or a recorded replay [Non-Sentient]


The production of objects by apparently supernatural means at a spiritualists’ séance or within a haunted location or area experiencing such phenomena.

Astral Travel

A-Z of Paranormal Definitions Astral Travel (or Astral Projection) is an interpretation of out-of-body experience (OBE) that assumes the existence of an “astral body” separate from the physical body and capable of travelling outside it.

Astral projection or travel denotes the astral body leaving the physical body to travel in other realms.


The distinctive atmosphere/energy or quality that seems to surround and be generated by a person, thing, or place. Some say they can see such, they are therefore able to tell a persons mood or current health status, some even able to help repair with the acceptance of the participant.

Automatic Writing

Writing said to be produced by a spiritual, occult, or subconscious agency rather than by the conscious intention of the writer.


The performance of actions without conscious thought or intention, such as a Ouija Board, automatic writing [see above], or pendulum swinging.



(Irish folklore) a female spirit who wails to warn of impending death. [In-depth research A-Z of Paranormal Definitions available from Barry Fitzgerald]


The state or quality of having existence, a living being.


Something one accepts as true or real; a firmly held opinion or conviction. Sceptics have strong beliefs much in the identical case of religious people or spiritualists do

Benign Spirit
A spirit that is not harmful [see malevolent]

Bi location

Being (or appearing to be) in two different places at the same time. A remote viewing term that means consciousness is fully at the target. The target can either be a person, place, event, or object.



The act or practice of serving as a medium through which a spirit guide purportedly communicates with living persons.


Means clear tasting – a psychic ability which enables someone experience a sense of taste with no apparent physical stimulus.


A-Z of Paranormal Definitions Someone with the psychic ability to see events or people which have not occurred yet.

A person who claims to have a supernatural ability to perceive events in the future or beyond normal sensory contact.

Can contact the deceased through vibrational work if such spirit is in the vicinity and wishing to do so.


The psychic ability to hear voices and sounds that are inaudible to the normal human ear.

The supposed power to hear things outside the range of normal perception. [clair(voyance) + audience.]


The psychic ability to feel things that are not normally felt by most people. The psychic ability of clairsentience literally means clear sensing.


The act of formally and ritualistically purification of an area. Rid (a person, place, or thing) of something seen as unpleasant, unwanted, or defiling.

Cold Spot

An area where the temperature is lower than the surrounding environment. Cold spots are believed to be created when a ghost is presence within that area. As an example, while researching within Huntingtower Castle, a cold spot was sourced in one of the rooms. Likened to walking past an open freezer with no natural source. Can be measured on the equipment.

Collective Apparition

An apparition seen by several people at the same time.


Commonly referred to as the survival of the soul after mortal death, the state of remaining in existence or operation.

Crisis Apparition

These are apparitions of the dying or recently dead. This is the most often reported apparition. Many such examples exist and a very common phenomena.


An appeal or prayer for evil or misfortune to befall someone or something as well as the after effect on the desired target. Using intent to curse another, who unknowingly may be affected. Rife within some African villages.



The experience of thinking that a new situation had occurred before, ability to know A-Z of Paranormal Definitions what is coming next.

Very common phenomena and not explained adequately by science nor cynics.


The fading or disappearance of a physical object or apparition.


A spirit that exists without a physical body. (of a person or being) Not having a physical body.


The ability to feel or perceive something with the use the mind and the senses. The ability to judge well.


Separated from or existing without the body. (of a sound) Lacking any obvious physical source.

Disembodied Voice

[as above] A voice that is heard that comes from no physical body, also known as EVP or in addition can be heard without the assistance of recording devices. [See Mary Kings Close – EVP]


The practice of seeking knowledge of the future or the unknown by supernatural means.


German for “Double-goer” A person’s duplicate or identical counterpart, [see bi-location or astral travel] also a ghostly double of a living person that haunts its living counterpart.



A substance resulting from spirit materialization, channelling, and telekinesis. Viscous substance supposed to exude from the body of a medium during a spiritualistic trance and to form the material for the manifestation of Spirit.

Electromagnetic Field (EMF)

An electric and magnetic energy that radiates from radio and light waves to gamma and cosmic rays.

Some speculate that spirit can use this to manifest or interact with our reality.

This continues to be an unknown within the field and all too easily dismissed or accepted without further study and experimentation.

It should be noted, EMF Detectors are not Ghost Detectors and using as such only allows ridicule from cynics and hence the painting of the field in a bad light.

Electronic Voice Phenomena (EVP)

Echovox AudioThe recording of noises (usually voices) which is out of the range of human hearing.

The main principle behind this phenomena is that electronic microphones do not discriminate against sound ranges, the way human ears do.

In effect, it will record all noises and funnel them into our normal hearing range, this allows the researcher to then review such and report findings.

EMF Detector

A device that measures and detects changes in the electromagnetic field and not locate ghosts.


A being or self-contained bodiless form of existence, most commonly referred to as ghost or spirit. Can manifest or remain unseen awhile causing other phenomena.

Extrasensory Perception

(ESP) The faculty of perceiving things by means other than the known senses, e.g., by telepathy or clairvoyance.


False Positive

Any evidence indicating an affirmative result when in fact all conditions are normal. Can be caused by equipment malfunction or misinterpretation of the data obtained. Strong belief systems and Intent also being explored as possibilities for unusual data, for example, The double slit experiment in quantum physics.


Gauss Meter

A device that is used to measure the electromagnetic field, also referred to as EMF A-Z of Paranormal Definitions detectors or magnetometers.


An apparition of a dead person that is believed to appear or become manifest to the living, typically as a nebulous image. Usually referred to as a Non-Sentient.


The appearance of false anomalies caused by bleed over on a video surveillance set up caused by bad grounding or shielding.



A person, place or an object to which a spirit is attached. The spirits can be human or inhuman in nature. (of a place) Frequented by a ghost: “It looked like a classic haunted mansion”


The presence of a spirit, non-sentient or entity, as associated with one or more persons, places, or objects.

The haunting can be an active sentient communicative entity/spirit or may in fact be a recorded energy that has somehow etched itself into our environment, replaying in the correct conditions.

There are vast amounts of possibilities from animals through to non-physical energies with a plethora in-between


Ideomotor effect

A psychological phenomenon wherein a subject makes motions unconsciously (i.e., without conscious awareness). As in reflexive responses to pain, the body sometimes reacts reflexively to ideas alone without the person consciously deciding to take action. For instance, tears are produced by the body unconsciously in reaction to the emotion of sadness, usually without any intervention of conscious will.


A-Z of Paranormal Definitions A male demon believed to have sexual intercourse with sleeping women.

Usually teamed with Sleep paralysis or similar type effects.


The ability to understand something immediately, without the need for conscious reasoning.

A thing that one knows or considers likely from instinctive feeling rather than conscious reasoning.

(e.g., sight, taste, feeling, smell, or hearing). May effeminate from our right hemisphere rather than the left hemisphere.


The summoning of a deity or the supernatural.



(in Hinduism and Buddhism) The sum of a person’s actions in this and previous states of existence, viewed as deciding their fate, Destiny or fate, following as effect from cause.

Kirlian Photography

A technique for recording photographic images of corona A-Z of Paranormal Definitions discharges and hence, supposedly, the auras of living creatures.


Lens flare

The light scattered in lens systems through generally unwanted image formation mechanisms, such as internal reflection and scattering from material inhomogeneities in the lens.


A phenomenon sometimes encountered in hauntings, particularly with poltergeist, rare yet credibly reported, where solid objects (including persons) are moved and lifted by an unseen force. The first historically documented occurrence was that of St. Francis of Assisi in the 14th century.

Ley lines

Ley lines are alleged alignments of a number of places of geographical interest, such as ancient monuments and megaliths. Some suggest the possibility of paranormal activity emanating near these areas due to earth energies, much like human energies, with the ability to evoke manifestations and such.


A body of traditions and knowledge on a subject or held by a particular group, typically passed from person to person by word of mouth.


Malevolent Spirit

A spirit with a destructive behaviour or harmful intentions. These spirits will destroy or damage things of a personal or financial value for the sake of hurting others.


A-Z of Paranormal Definitions An event, action, or object that clearly shows or embodies something, appearance or taking of form of an entity.

Appearance of an apparition, the action or fact of showing.


[As Above] The sudden appearance of a spirit, apparition, or ghost.


(See Pareidolia)


A person that acts as a bridge between the living and the dead. [See Clairvoyant]


Said to have been instituted by Aristotle, the line of philosophical thought which seeks the “why and wherefore”, The study of which is beyond and above the laws of physics. The non-physical!


Near-Death Experience (NDE)

Experiences of people after they have been pronounced clinically dead, or been very close A-Z of Paranormal Definitions to death.

Energy body allegedly moves into the afterlife, to be met with relatives, other energy beings whom take on the form you are most comfortable with whether religious or a loved one.

This is said to be done to place you at ease in the transition.

Many return to tell of their experience and change their life accordingly afterwards.

Can not be explained by science and will not be tolerated by pseudo-sceptics due to their materialistic viewpoint and belief system.


The practice of communicating with the dead to obtain knowledge of the future, others’ secrets, etc. An archaic term, the necromancer was said to employ magic spells and conjuration to summon, then banish, the spirits of the dead.

Still practised heavily even in this day and age by many members of society and those in the know.

Rituals often accompany such contacts and traditions.


An apparition that does not interact during manifestation.

Usually replays a certain past event with high emotional significance, left over energy with no means of interaction and hypothetically fades with time.

The trigger for such replays can be anything from environmental conditions to witnesses emotional state of being.



A spherical imperfection that appears in a picture or video. Usually translucent or semi-transparent in density, and usually white (or white-ish) in colour.

There has been no conclusive evidence that orbs are spirits or ghosts, however, common causes for orbs include (but aren’t limited to) dust, rain/moisture/snow, insects, camera malfunctions, infra-red light sources, light reflections, lasers, reflectors, smoke, flying particles, and cracked or dirty lenses.

Real time witnessing of such has been reported, where no recording device is used and the phenomena is seen by naked eye.

Ruling out ball lightning, we may then get closer to a paranormal origin. Usually photographs with such are treated with scepticism due to the testing done by some and resulting in natural causes outweighing paranormal possibilities.

Ouija Board

A game board that some believe is capable to communicate with spirits.



Referenced in 1994 by Steven Goldstein, describes a psychological phenomenon involving a vague and random stimulus (often an image or sound) being perceived as significant.

The human mind’s desire to relate unfamiliar object, condition, or image to a familiar object, condition, or image.

Example: Seeing shapes in clouds. The human eye desires to see things it is familiar with, even if it has to create them. This is why most people see ghosts in perfectly ordinary pictures that just happen to [coincidentally] contain what appears to be a face or an apparition.

Granted, it might very well be an entity, but caution must be used to avoid perceptual association when investigating the paranormal.


An apparition or a spectre. ghost – spectre – apparition – wraith


Any occurrence that is observable or recorded that goes above and beyond the natural AKA Para-normal in nature.


A-Z of Paranormal Definitions German for “noisy ghost” Polter is German for “to crash about” and Geist means “Spirit”.

This is an extremely rare occurrence wherein random objects are moved and sounds produced by an unseen force, the sole purpose of which seems to be to draw attention to itself.

The phenomena always involves a specific individual, frequently adolescent.

My research suggests girls are more prone to this that boys, this then raises the questions about energy and why females have a greater deal to aid possible activity such as this.


Foreknowledge of an event, esp. foreknowledge of a paranormal kind.


Relating to the psyche, of the mind or soul, rather than the mundane. Psychic is the most familiar and bandied-about term encountered in paranormal research (a “psychic investigation”, etc.). See also Clairvoyant


Quantum Physics

The branch of physics based on quantum theory. Exciting new area with closer movement to answers about the nature of reality. Old school scientists are still trying to restrict this area much in the same way as old religions stifle forward spiritual movement.



A person or animal in whom a particular soul is believed to have been reborn.

Remote Viewing

Remote viewing (RV) is the ability to gather information about a distant or unseen target using paranormal means

Residual Spirit

Believed to be a psychic imprint of a scene that keeps repeating itself. With this type of haunting no interaction with the spirit is known to occur. [See Non-Sentient]


SéanceA-Z of Paranormal Definitions

A meeting of people to receive spiritualistic messages. Usually around a table and joining hands to raise vibrations and energy.


A phantom black dog with glowing yellow eyes. Hikers in the British Isles who encounter this spectral creature by lonely roadsides and paths are said to be doomed to die within a year of the sighting. It is from this legend that Sir Arthur Conan Doyle drew his inspiration for his Sherlock Holmes adventure, “The Hound of the Baskervilles” (1902).


James RandiA person inclined to question or doubt all accepted opinions. Has a duty to stay open-minded and question everything and remain attached to no belief system while doing so.

This is completely opposite to Pseudo-Scepticism, whereas we have debunkers who make it their job to deny everything even without proper investigation.

Examples of such are James Randi the illusionist and his band of merry men who hang on his words without independent thought and real critical thinking.

Proper examples would be, one who is yet undecided as to what is true; one who is looking or inquiring for what is true or an inquirer after facts or reasons.


See above, discount the Pseudo-Sceptical approach which harms real evolving in subjects and stifles advancements.

Sleep Paralysis

A state of seeming to be awake but unable to move, some report being unable to talk or shout and even seeing the old hag. Whether brain chemical or OBE, this is to be fully Investigated.


A ghost or apparition.


Existence apart from, or transcending, the purely physical; also, the life-force of an organism. A spirit commonly refers to deceased and returning energy in its new form. The non-physical part of a person or animal, that is the seat of emotions and character; the soul.


A science, philosophy, and religion using the doctrine of A-Z of Paranormal Definitions metaphysics, belief in the continuity of life after death and communication with this life for the advancement of civilization and personal growth.

Not limited to religious in any way!


“Female” counterpart of the incubus, a demonic entity said to inspire lust in men (and most inconveniently), sometimes capable of physically attacking and inflicting injuries (bruises , slashes). Following a nocturnal visitation from a succubus, the human victim will always feel ill and depleted of vitality, and inexplicably “un-clean”


Unexplained system of causal interaction which binds together events, actions and thought, manifesting as uncanny coincidences. Term for and existence of this phenomenon was first proposed by pioneering psycho-analyst, Carl Gustav Jung (a contemporary of Sigmund Freud). Synchronicity indicates there is more to the Universe than our understanding of simple cause and effect, and that the subtleties of the mind and matter are somehow interconnected.

This is a very real phenomena, everyone has encountered it at one time or another. Thinking of someone and they call, bump into someone in the street after talking about them and other thought and event anomalies, that have the weird action of manifesting for you in reality. Bypasses mere coincidence.



An experiment in psychokinesis which can fairly easily be replicated by some. Three or four participants lightly place their fingers along the edges of a small table top, then in unison intend the table to move. With sufficient cooperation and concentration, and after several minutes of chanting, the table should start to wobble, pivot on its legs and even raid in the air. Power of the mind, subconscious moment or spiritual contact, the jury is out!


A psychic phenomenon where-in objects are remotely displaced and moved around, solely by the powers of the mind.


The ability to communicate directly through mind-to-mind contact and to perceive information directly from another’s mind, without resorting to the use of the five known senses.


White Noise

A hiss-like sound, formed by combining all audible frequencies. Used to aid spiritual contact via audible recoding devices.


The image of a person appearing shortly before or after his or her death; term can also be applied to a ghost.

No further Inclusion at this time! Check back for updates!

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

%d bloggers like this: