Glamis Castle is situated beside the village of Glamis, in Angus, Scotland. It’s the home of the Earl and Countess of Strathmore and Kinghorne.
The castle has been the home of the Lyon family since the 14th century, though the present building dates largely from the 17th century. Glamis was the childhood home of Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother.
The Red Castle of Lunan stands on high ground overlooking Lunan Bay, on the North Sea coast. Immediately to the north of the Castle is the mouth of the Lunan Water, with the hamlet of Lunan beyond.
The earliest structure on the site was built for King William the Lion – in the late twelfth century – to repel Viking invasions at Lunan Bay. William would even take up residence here whilst on hunting expeditions.
The ancient Restenneth Priory, by Forfar, is believed to have been founded by the king of the Picts around 715AD. The Pictish King was said to have sent for an Abbot to ask for instruction in the Christian faith, and also for builders who could build in the Roman style of stone, which was unheard of in this period.
However, the base of the tower is said to be closer to 11th Century, which would suggest that the ground has always had a spiritual connection, with rebuilding taking place throughout the ages. Either way, this priory is one of the very earliest stone buildings in Scotland.
Arbroath Abbey, in located in the town of Arbroath, and was founded in 1178 by King William the Lion for the Tironensian Benedictine monks from Kelso Abbey. It was said to be a dedication to the deceased Saint Thomas Becket, whom the king had met at the English court. King William was buried before the high altar of the church in 1214.
The last Abbot at Arbroath Abbey was the Cardinal David Beaton, who in 1522 succeeded his uncle James to become Archbishop of St Andrews. The Abbey is now under the national care of Historic Scotland!